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Cannabis (Marijuana) Legalization

Cannabis is now legal 

In Alberta, the following rules apply:

  • You must be 18 to use cannabis.
  • You must purchase it only from licensed stores or
  • 30 grams is the most you can buy or carry at a time
  • You can't smoke in some public places - know your local laws.
  • Driving high is illegal.
  • Cannabis may not be within reach of anyone in a vehicle.
  • Only 4 plants can be grown per household.
  • Edibles are not yet legal to sell.
  • Kids can't enter cannabis stores.

You must respect the laws of the province, territory or Indigenous community you are in, whether you are a visitor or live there. Individual municipalities may also pass bylaws to regulate the use of cannabis locally. Check with your municipality for local information. It is illegal now and will remain illegal to take any amount of cannabis across Canada's international borders.

Edibles are coming

Under federal legislation, the legal sale of edible cannabis, cannabis extracts, and cannabis topicals will be permitted no later than October 17, 2019. The Government of Canada has proposed changes to the existing cannabis regulations to address public health and safety risks related to these cannabis products. The public consultation on these proposed changes opened on December 20, 2019 and closed on February 20, 2019.

What does this mean for municipalities?

The legalization of cannabis for recreational use will affect municipalities in a number of areas, including land use management, business licensing, bylaws, public health and education, law enforcement, and human resource policies. As municipalities will need to understand local impacts, AUMA is working with our provincial and federal partners to ensure our members have the resources and supports they need to safely and effectively implement legalization.

A summary of AUMA’s advocacy on the legalization of cannabis for recreational use is shown in the table below:

Federal/Provincial Government Activity AUMA Advocacy
Federal consultation on legalizing cannabis 
for recreational use
AUMA response to federal consultation

Federal Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and

Task Force Webpage

Task Force Report

AUMA response to the Task Force Report
Bill C-45, the Cannabis Act of Canada

AUMA news release

AUMA presentation to Standing Committee on Health

Provincial consultation on legalizing cannabis for
recreational use

AUMA response to provincial consultation – Phase I

AUMA response to provincial consultation – Phase II

Cannabis excise tax revenue sharing

AUMA letter to the Minister of Alberta Justice
and Solicitor General

AUMA news release

Updates to the Alberta Gaming, Liquor,
and Cannabis Regulation

Cannabis Legalization in Alberta Municipalities

AUMA Special Digest
Government of Alberta Municipal Cannabis Transition Program AUMA News Release
Federal consultation on regulating cannabis edibles, extracts, and topicals

AUMA response to federal consultation


Municipal Resources:

    General Information 

    Tools and Guides for Municipalities


    Human Resources

    Impaired Driving

    Parents and Children