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Responsibility for Utility Infrastructure on Private Property

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Resolution Category: 
Extraordinary 2
Adopted - Active
Medicine Hat, City of
Active Clauses: 

IT IS THEREFORE RESOLVED THAT AUMA advocate for the Government of Alberta to modify the Municipal Government Act to clarify that a municipality should not be responsible for the repair and maintenance of a portion of a “public utility” unless it is an owner of that portion of the “public utility” and to provide transitional provisions to address existing situations where infrastructure cross parcel boundaries.

Whereas Clauses: 

WHEREAS on August 1, 2019, the Alberta Court of Appeal issued a decision which requires municipalities to operate and maintain utility infrastructure on private property which provides service to more than one parcel;

WHEREAS there are many municipalities where utility infrastructure on private property provides service to more than one parcel; and

WHEREAS the impact of the decision may have significant impacts on municipalities throughout Alberta.

Resolution Background: 

As a result of the recent Alberta Court of Appeal decision in Condo Corporation No. 0410106 v Medicine Hat (City), 2019 ABCA 294, the City of Medicine Hat (City) will be required to take responsibility for the operation and maintenance of privately-owned water, sewer and storm infrastructure located on multiple parcels that services more than one parcel (i.e. shared infrastructure) previously considered the responsibility of the private infrastructure owner.  The Appeal Court decision affects all Alberta municipalities and may have significant financial and other impacts for them.

Reason for extraordinary resolution

The Alberta Court of Appeal decision was issued August 1, 2019, which was after the May 31, 2019 deadline for submissions of resolutions for consideration at the 2019 AUMA convention.  The decision takes effect from the date of pronouncement.  As set out below, there are significant impacts from the decision which can be mitigated by decisive legislative change.

Further Background

The River Ridge community is comprised of five adjoining parcels of land, each registered under separate titles with four parcels registered as Condominium Corporations.  Four of the five parcels (one parcel is currently undeveloped) share some water, sewer and storm infrastructure; however, joint servicing agreements do not exist amongst the various Condominium Corporations.  Shared services such as found in the five parcel River Ridge development is not uncommon in Medicine Hat and in other Alberta municipalities.  The applicant Condominium Corporations applied to the Court to require the City to operate and maintain the privately-owned water, sewer and storm infrastructure that was on privately owned lands.  At the Court of Queen’s Bench, the court held the City was not responsible for private infrastructure, but the decision was overturned by the Alberta Court of Appeal.

As a result, the City has been directed to operate and maintain those privately-owned parts of the River Ridge water, sanitary and storm infrastructure that service more than one parcel.  As the Appeal Court decision is an interpretation of the duty to provide a utility service under the Municipal Government Act, the decision has implications beyond the River Ridge development to other existing and future developments in Medicine Hat and in other municipalities in Alberta. 


The decision is likely to result in municipalities experiencing increased costs for operation and maintenance of public utilities. While the decision dealt with water, sewer and storm water, it may apply to all municipal public utilities servicing more than one parcel.The decision may impact whether municipalities agree to permit joint use agreements.

The decision may cause municipalities (subdivision authorities) to impose more stringent conditions on subdivision.If municipalities impose new or more stringent development requirements and standards to address the impact, costs of development may increase.

The decision may lead to municipalities bearing increased costs.  It may also result in increased costs of development being imposed on the development community, which may have a chilling impact on development.

The City of Medicine Hat seeks support for changes to the Municipal Government Act to clarify obligations of operation and maintenance for privately owned portions of utility infrastructure. 

Government Response: 

Alberta Municipal Affairs responded on January 3, 2020 as follows:

Municipal Affairs understands that the Alberta Court of Appeal decision may have created uncertainty for municipalities. The decision provides an interpretation of the duty to provide a utility service, which may have unforeseen implications for municipalities. Municipal Affairs will be reviewing this matter further.

AUMA Notes: 

AUMA has sought updates from Municipal Affairs and will advance this resolution through our further input on the Municipal Government Act Red Tape Reduction amendments, which are currently on hold due to the COVID-19 pandemic.


AUMA Comments: 
Waiting for government response