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Governance

From advocating on evolving legislation to well-managed boards, we take a structured and strategic approach to change.

​Scroll through the categories below to learn more about our Goverance-related Programs & Initiatives. 

Community Policing

Community policing is an approach to crime reduction that involves members of the community as active participants. Community consultations, community partnerships, problem solving, and prevention are all hallmarks of community policing. Under a community policing approach, community residents play a role in identifying local crime issues and help establish policing priorities, and front line police officers develop problem-solving strategies in partnership with community members.

Funding

In Alberta, municipalities have a variety of responsibilities for the costs of municipal policing services, as outlined in the following table:

Municipal Population Policing Arrangement Municipal Responsibility for Policing Costs
Over 5,000 Stand-alone or regional municipal police service

Municipality pays 100%

Governance

Provincial oversight

The Police Act establishes two separate provincial entities to oversee police: the Director of Law

Enforcement and the Alberta Law Enforcement Review Board (ALERB). The Assistant Deputy Minister for the Public Security Division of Justice and Solicitor General is the Director of Law Enforcement.

The Director of Law Enforcement's main responsibilities are:

Sheriffs

Sheriffs are sworn peace officers under the Alberta Peace Officer Act, and they perform a wide range of activities in concert with other law enforcement and policing partners in Alberta. The Alberta Sheriff Highway Patrol has specific responsibility for traffic enforcement and Sheriffs have authority to enforce traffic-related provincial laws, as well as Liquor and Gaming Regulations.

Police officers

Police officers are appointed according to the Police Act, or are members of the RCMP. They are responsible for enforcing federal, provincial, and municipal laws; protecting life and property; preventing crime; and keeping the peace. They have a broad range of duties and roles, of which law enforcement is the major role. Police officers investigate occurrences, arrest offenders, and bring them before the criminal justice system.

RCMP

The RCMP's mandate, as outlined in Section 18 of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Act, is multi-faceted and includes preventing and investigating crime; maintaining peace and order; enforcing laws; contributing to national security; ensuring the safety of state officials, visiting dignitaries and foreign missions; and providing vital operational support services to other police and law enforcement agencies within Canada and abroad.

Indigenous policing services

The RCMP provides policing services to most of Alberta’s Indigenous communities. However, 18 Indigenous communities in Alberta have made other policing arrangements through agreements with the Alberta and federal governments. The Police Act allows the Minister to exempt any area from all or any provision of the Act and make other arrangements for policing.

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