Community policing is an approach to crime reduction that involves members of the community as active participants. Community consultations, community partnerships, problem solving, and prevention are all hallmarks of community policing. Under a community policing approach, community residents play a role in identifying local crime issues and help establish policing priorities, and front line police officers develop problem-solving strategies in partnership with community members.
From advocating on evolving legislation to well-managed boards, we take a structured and strategic approach to change.
Scroll through the categories below to learn more about our Goverance-related Programs & Initiatives.
In Alberta, municipalities have a variety of responsibilities for the costs of municipal policing services, as outlined in the following table:
|Municipal Population||Policing Arrangement||Municipal Responsibility for Policing Costs|
|Over 5,000||Stand-alone or regional municipal police service||
Municipality pays 100%
The Police Act establishes two separate provincial entities to oversee police: the Director of Law
Enforcement and the Alberta Law Enforcement Review Board (ALERB). The Assistant Deputy Minister for the Public Security Division of Justice and Solicitor General is the Director of Law Enforcement.
The Director of Law Enforcement's main responsibilities are:
The Alberta Law Enforcement Response Team (ALERT) was established by the Alberta Government in 2006 to combat organized and serious crime. Over 300 municipal police and RCMP work together in teams to investigate everything from drug trafficking to child exploitation to gang violence.
Peace officers enhance the work of police officers, performing varied roles that assist in maintaining the peace. Peace officers are authorized under the Peace Officer Act, which enables the Alberta government to designate agencies and individuals with peace officer status for specific job functions.
Sheriffs are sworn peace officers under the Alberta Peace Officer Act, and they perform a wide range of activities in concert with other law enforcement and policing partners in Alberta. The Alberta Sheriff Highway Patrol has specific responsibility for traffic enforcement and Sheriffs have authority to enforce traffic-related provincial laws, as well as Liquor and Gaming Regulations.
Police officers are appointed according to the Police Act, or are members of the RCMP. They are responsible for enforcing federal, provincial, and municipal laws; protecting life and property; preventing crime; and keeping the peace. They have a broad range of duties and roles, of which law enforcement is the major role. Police officers investigate occurrences, arrest offenders, and bring them before the criminal justice system.
Albertans are served by many types of law enforcement personnel, each with identified roles and responsibilities.
The RCMP's mandate, as outlined in Section 18 of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Act, is multi-faceted and includes preventing and investigating crime; maintaining peace and order; enforcing laws; contributing to national security; ensuring the safety of state officials, visiting dignitaries and foreign missions; and providing vital operational support services to other police and law enforcement agencies within Canada and abroad.
The RCMP provides policing services to most of Alberta’s Indigenous communities. However, 18 Indigenous communities in Alberta have made other policing arrangements through agreements with the Alberta and federal governments. The Police Act allows the Minister to exempt any area from all or any provision of the Act and make other arrangements for policing.